Survery of Literary Criticism

Tuesday, November 23, 2004

"Quiz 2" and answers!

Today we took the second test of the semester and then corrected them. The test questions and the correct answers are as follows:

1. Table of Element, Approach, and Time Frame
Work= Objective = Modern
Artist = Expression = Romantic
Universe (World) = Mimetic = Classical/Ancient
Audience = Pragmatic = Neo-Classical

2. Archibald MacLeish's last line in his poem Ars Poetica, "a poem should not mean but be" would most likely be a manifesto or credo for which school of criticism? NEW CRITICISM

3. TS Eliot, in his essay, "Tradition and the Individual Talent" would most likely believe that poetry is: AN ESCAPE FROM EMOTION

4. If, Virginia Woolf says, Shakespeare had a sister, she: WOULD HAVE BEEN UNDEREDUCATED, EXCLUDED FROM THE STAGE, AND WOULD PROBABLY HAVE COMMITTED SUICIDE

5. Which critic would most likely be concerned with structures and patterns modeled on the seasons and on mythic categories? NORTHRUP FRYE

6. According to Derrida, the western world has privileged __SPEECH_ over __WRITING__.

7. The word "pharmakon" used by the ancients, according to Derrida, means both: REMEDY AND POISON

8. Given Zach's description of himself in his e-journal, he would probably be least likely to admire the workd of: JACQUES DERRIDA

9. Pigeon Holes.
a) Simone de Beauvoir - FEMINIST
b) William Wimsatt - FORMALIST
c) Paul de Man - DECONSTRUCTIONIST
d) Steven Greenblatt - NEW HISTORICIST
e) Terry Eagleton - MARXIST
f) Tzetan Todorov - STRUCTUALIST
g) Homi Bhabha - POST COLONIALIST

10. What is the term that corresponds to the following defnition and who best exemplifies this defintion: "A literary and philosophical movement asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition."
a) Term: TRANSCENDENTALISM
b) Person, writer, or critic: RALPH WALDO EMERSON

11. To Judith Butler, gender is: NOT SO MUCH A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CONSTRUCT AS A PERFORMANCE or A NONSENSE CATEGORY

12. Walter Benjamin believes that before the age of mechancial reproduction, works of art possessed a unique quality similar to works of religious veneration. His word for this was: AURA

13. Stephen Greenblatt didn't want to be called what he is typically called; instead he wanted to be known as a critic who was involved in: THE POETICS OF CULTURE

14. "The spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" your instructor believes is a "nutshell" definition of which critical movement? ROMANTICISM

15. The best description for Thomas Love Peacock who wrote the "Four Ages of Poetry", an attack on poetry that led to Shelley's great response, is: A ROMANTIC SATIRIST

16. To Michel Foucault, all of history is: DISCOURSE

17. Mikhail Bakhtin is famous for a term that suggests the dynamic, give-and-take qualities of real human speech reflecting the actualitites of life rather than the single-minded concepts or thoughts of an author. This term is: DIALOGIC

18. Friedrich Nietzsche said something about truth that is worth repreating exactly, word for word. What is it? TRUTH IS A MOBILE ARMY OF METAPHORS.

19. What vivid metaphor did Hugh of St. Victor use to refer to the activity of reading? POPPING VINEYARD BERRIES INTO THE MOUTH

20. "To understand the whole text, one must understand each part; but to understand each part, one must undersatnd the whole." This, in Friedrich Schleiermacher's famous phrase, is: THE HERMENEUTICAL CIRCLE

21. A word that isused by both Frye and Jung to refer to basic patterns, images, models, which recur throughout human discourse: ARCHTYPES

22. Someone like Eagleton who says that literature concerns not only beauty but "the social control of the middle and working classes" is most likely to be what kind of critic: MARXIST

23. In addition to giving us William Tell, the Ode to Joy, and Aesthetic Education for people, Friedrich von Schiller understood that: IN ERROR ONLY IS THERE TRUTH (go Freddy!)

24. Which feminist was described by her impersonator as the the "FRIST" feminist? MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

25. Which did Edgar Allan Poe NOT think: REPETITION IS USUALLY TO BE AVOIDED IN GOOD LITERARY WORKS

26. Phonocentrism suggests that: SPEECH IS SUPERIOR TO WRITING

27. To the New Critic, "Stay inside the Text!" To the deconstructionist: "THERE IS NO OUTSIDE THE TEXT"

28. Stanley Fish (Fishy Foo), left on the blackboard a series of assignments and names written by the previous instructor. He decptively told his class that what was on the blackboard was: A RELIGIOUS POEM

29. Jane Tomkins wanted to bring back the element of the __PERSONAL__ in texts that men seemed to have ignored or left out.

30. We couldn't decide what to call her: linguist, literary critic, cultural theorist, psychoanalyst, deconstructionist, semiologist, stucturalist, post-structuralist. We do know that she coined the term "sem-analysis" and was interested in language as a system of signs. Who is she? JULIA KRISTEVA

31. Fill in the blanks from Vico: The age of Gods is followed by the Age of __HEROES__ which is followed by the Age of __MEN__ which is followed by the Age of Chaos.

32. Laura Muvey, a theorist of cinema, was much interested in what she called: THE MALE GAZE

33. Whic is the phrase which best sums up Henry Louis Gates' views: RACE CAN BE UNDERSTOOD AS A TEXT

34. According to Gilbert and Gubar, women do not experience the "anxiety of influence" in the same way as men; but rather the: ANXIETY OF AUTHORSHIP

35. Wimsatt has given us two powerful fallacies to think about. What are they?
a) INTENTIONAL FALLACY
b) AFFECTIVE FALLACY

36. Derrida in his practice of deconstruction wishes to replace the privileged term in each binary opposition with its opposite. FALSE

37. Roland Barthes is associated with all of the following except: FRENCH ROMANTICISM

38. Dustin as Bakhtin did a Bakhtinian analysis of the language of: BEAVIS AND BUTTHEAD

39. Horace was the first who said that the purpose of poetry was to: INSTRUCT AND ENTERTAIN

40. A philosophy, espoused by Jean Pual Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, which insists the universe is absurd but that we are completely undetermined, absolutely free to invent ourselves: EXISTENTIALISM

41. Stanley Fish would best be thought of as a: READER RESPONSE CRITIC

42. According to our time-traveler John Dryden, the two most essential works in the canon would be a) THE BIBLE and b) THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN DRYDEN

43. What does Derrida typically find when he "deconstructs" the writings of others? A DESIRE TO PRIVILEGE THE HAVE NOTS OVER THE HAVES

44. "close reading" and "explication" would be most likely to belong to: NEW CRITICS

45. - extra credit for drawing a picture (of any quality or inferiority)
Xtra credit for writing down as much of Wallace Stevens' "The Idea of Order in Key West" as you can!

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